According to the international section of th38 Tehran International Film Festival,
Tehran (IP) – The specialized virtual meeting “38-20” in the presence of a well-known German Director with a focus on documentary cinema was held at the 38th Tehran International Short Film Festival (TISFF) at the “Iran Mall” cinema complex.
Iran Press/ Iran news: Steinke, a well-known German documentary filmmaker, said: “Perspective is also important in a film. This can be used a lot. For those who find it important to use different points of view, their film works better as a whole. Another advantage of the perspective is that it can be used to illustrate different ways of dealing with an issue. Two types of points of view can be considered; the first point of view is the author’s opinion, which is essentially pervasive and is sometimes referred to as the “point of view of God.” Even now, with the appearance of drones, we see examples of this viewpoint of the author in the films, the question that arises is whose this point of view is? An alternative to the author’s point of view is a personal point of view.”
In another part of this specialized meeting, he said: “Sometimes the question that arises is, are we allowed to create and produce a documentary?” In this case, my answer is yes. For example, in the field of ambiance sounds, sometimes the sounds may be symbolic. The sound of a lion roaring is added to the sound of an engine, and this sound is metaphorical. Sometimes, a documentary must be a documentary, but some issues can be manipulated, but parts of a fact can be copied and shown again. That is, the creative and reproducible aspects can be used.”
He added: “Of course, we must be aware of the fact that in real life, there are many forgeries, in society we see many people only with frames and face changes, and the distance from reality happens daily in all countries, but we must be able to recognize which professions are false and which are true.
“Some argue that the documentary has to deal with the mere truth, which is meaningless because it is impossible to reach the full truth,” Steinke said.
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“Of course, this does not mean that the documentarian has nothing to do with the truth, the goal of the documentarian should be to reach the truth and get closer to it; this is the job of the documentarian. Of course, this does not mean that there is no mood in these films; but the documentarian must be closer to the truth.”
He said: “In the field of directing, we should pay attention to guiding the audience; In some films, the audience’s attention is open to the film, but if a strong documentary is to be made, one of the important points is that the director can control and direct the audience’s attention. Photography and painting have different strategies for controlling and directing the viewer’s “attention,” but in such a way that sometimes the audience can walk in the image and pay attention to whatever they want. The same thing can happen in a documentary, the more control the director has over directing the audience’s attention, the stronger the director’s influence after watching the film.”
In another part of his speech, the German director stated: “The camera has several tools such as zoom, trawling, etc., and the purpose of using these tools is to guide the viewer’s focus.
He also said: “Another point is the structure of the film. The arts are structured, as is the documentary, which has an internal structure; The less complex and simple this internal structure is, the stronger the documentary. The film must be accessible to the audience, assuming that the internal structure of the documentary is like a chain or a spiral, the viewer will not be able to access this internal structure.”
“The next point is the obstacles,” Steinke said.
The experienced documentary filmmaker continued: “The natural flow of speech in the film is another point; This can be easily understood by anyone if the speech of the film is very direct and linear, sometimes it is not good. The natural flow of speech along with the good mixes contribute to the credibility of a film and make the film more credible.”At the end of his speech, he said: “The next point is emotions and we should not ignore emotions in making a film. There is an old attitude towards this issue that some people said that documentary should be pure and there are emotions in the field of feature films, but I do not think so.”
Directed by Sadeq Mousavi, the 38th Tehran international short film festival opened in Iran Mall Cinema Complex on Oct 19 and wrapped up on Oct 24. This edition of the TISFF has been approved by the Academy Awards, popularly known as the OSCARS®, and became the only OSCARS® qualifying festival in Iran is attended by 63 works from 19 countries and 125 directors.