Tehran (Persian: تهران Tehrān, pronounced [tehˈrɒːn]) is the largest and the capital city of Iran. Its population is close to 12 million during day time and over 8.5 people at night. This has made it the world’s 18th most populous city. The span of the capital city of Iran is 730 square kilometers and with such an area it is one of the largest cities in West Asia and the 27th largest city in the world. The altitude of the city in the highest northern parts is 2000 meters and in the south 1100 meters above the sea level. Tehran is limited to mountainous areas in the north and to desert in the south, therefore it has different climates in the north and south. Northern areas have cold and dry weather while southern parts are warm and dry.
The people of the city are mostly young and their education with regard to more than 200 universities and colleges in the city, is at higher Level. Like many other cities in the world Tehran has a symbol of its own. Azadi Tower used to be Tehran’s symbol, a tower which was built 42 years ago by using a combination of architecture belonging to the time of the Achaemenid, the Sassanid and the Islamic era.
Now, Milad Tower of Tehran with a height of 435 meters has become the new symbol of the city and it is one of the most beautiful tourist centers in the capital city.
A Cultural City for Cultural People
Citizens of Tehran are dynamic and art loving people. They are both interested in culture and arts. Therefore each activity in cultural and artistic fields has in a short period of time attract the attention and welcome of citizens. However, expansion of cultural space in Tehran in the mid years of the (1990s – 2000s), has had a rapid growth in the city.
During these years, for the first time in Iran, Cineplex which include several screen halls and galleries were added to the city of Tehran. With the opening of the Cineplex of which so far ten have become operational, 27 movie theatres with over 6700 seats have been added to the number of Tehran cinemas. Charsoo is among the very modern Cineplex where TISFF is taking place.
The majority Iranians actually descend from the Medes, who formed the bulk of the peoples of ancient Persia. The Medes were originally from the Caucasus Mountains. The Aryans, like the Medes, were also from the Caucasus Mountains who established themselves in Iran. In fact, Iran is an ethnic mosaic.
The language spoken in Tehran (Iran) is Persian (publicly known as Farsi). It is also spoken in Afghanistan, Tajikistan and certain parts of China and Uzbekistan. Persian belongs to the Indo- Iranian family of languages.
Iranian have been true believers in God throughout the nation’s long history. These beliefs have appeared as various religions that were and still are being practiced in Iran. A great majority of Iranian are Muslim while there are also religious minorities who believe in different faiths.
Total Population %100
Other Religions %0.17
The Islamic Republic of Iran was established in April 1979 following a revolution that took place in February. In a nationwide referendum the people decided to change the country’s political system from monarchy to Islamic Republic.
The following links will assist you to make the most of your stay in Tehran: